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The role of emerging countries in global food security

Global food insecurity remains a serious problem. In 2010, more than 900 million people are still hungry, and progress toward reaching the first Millennium Development Goal of halving the world's proportion of malnourished people is off track by a…


O Papel dos Países Emergentes na Segurança Alimentar Mundial

Disponibilidade alimentar, estabilidade e acesso à nutrição adequada são componentes essenciais para o bem-estar e produtividade de todas as pessoas. No entanto, apesar do progresso nos anos 70 e 80, o número de pessoas desnutridas tem aumentado…


The dragon and the elephant

During the past two-and-a-half decades, China and India have implemented a series of economic reforms that have led to recent growth rates of 9-11 percent per year in China and 8-9 percent per year in India. The rapid economic growth of the two…


The supermarket revolution in developing countries

"A “supermarket revolution” has been underway in developing countries since the early 1990s. Supermarkets (here referring to all modern retail, which includes chain stores of various formats such as supermarkets, hypermarkets, and convenience and…


Road development, economic growth, and poverty reduction in China

Since 1985, the Chinese government has given high priority to building roads, particularly high-quality roads that connect industrial centers. This report evaluates the contribution roads have made to poverty reduction and economic growth in China…


Rural and urban dynamics and poverty: Evidence from China and India

This paper explores the dynamic relationship between the rural and urban sectors and the consequent impact on poverty in China and India, both of which followed aggressive urban industrialization paths in the mid-twentieth century. The bulk of the…